小聊设计思想的发展。Design Thinking 概览。

合作社半年会后四处都当谈计划思想,各处都以加油。我们领导人还是蛮跟得达潮流的嘛。因于哈佛生意评论和福布斯的报道后“设计思想”在商业中于广泛关注同实践起来。前几乎年美国甲级商学院就将规划思想(design
thinking)纳入课程体系,斯坦福大学建D.School等。在John
Maeda《科技中的宏图》年报告,很多杀公司同独角兽的元老或高层里都生设计师在里边,像IBM和麦肯锡前段时间宣布了其最为尖端职业被针对设计师的任命。从04年到2016年发生过50贱有名规划企业为收购,其中15,16年起26下。可见设计于商贸的看重,及计划思想的酷热。虽然充分火,可能多人数认为他如VR、大数据、共享自行车等正兴起的。实际上,“设计思想”(实际也是设计)做为同一种艺术就走过了扳平段子未缺的前进历史了。何不停止一下,了解一下前身和近况也。做了桌面研究后便花费了碰时整治了该文,把从工业时代到现在影响设计思想的人物做个稍介绍,因涉嫌内容其实是最最多矣,被推广上来的,纯粹是看哪样人耳熟能详,哪些人记录的详实些,不对的地方要指正,感谢伟大之互联网,感谢呢计划思想付诸实践的“先烈”们。

作者:Thomas Lockwood, University of Westminster PhD, Integrated design
Management.

1960面前 包豪斯底统筹思想,人文与挥霍,国际现代主义和大众文化

经验工业革命,大萧条和二战后的工业规划。 兼顾效率生产以及美学为主底时代。

Design Thinking 概览

统筹思想本质上是盖用户也骨干,强调考察,协作,快速学习,视觉化点子,快速概念原型,兼商业分析,最终影响创新及生意策略的换代过程。他的目的是把顾客,设计师以及经贸人士组成至成品、服务还是商业的计划性过程及。它是怀念像未来状态与把产品,服务同体会带顶市场上之工具。设计思想术语上来拘禁像是动设计师的精灵和方式解决问题,不管问题是安的。它不能够替代专业设计师或艺术及手艺设计,但它们是诱发创新的同样种植方法。

计划思想的几独关键条件:

1.基给现场调研深入了解消费者

2.和用户以及复合型团队一同协作,寻找突破性创新、显著提升及增新价值达

3.透过视觉化,亲手体验与高速原型来加速学习,快速取得用户反馈。目标是通过快捷多次的失败来收获更新。

4.原型化,可以是概念草图,粗糙的情理模块,或故事角色板,或一致组场景故事等

5.交互进行经贸分析,是雅重大的一些。

彼得·贝伦斯(Peter Behrens)

彼得·贝伦斯,德国建筑师,工业规划之先行者,第一号当代艺术设计师,是一代人的能手,包括无与伦比红的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚持”少就是是多“的修建哲学),勒·柯布西耶(功能主义之大),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包豪斯创办人),这三丁还在他的工作室为外干活了。他是首先独尝试综合工艺与技艺整合的设计师。

Design Thinking / Design management / Design Leadership / Design strategy 的区别

笔者的视角是,
设计思想是千篇一律种助发现非显性的要求或会,帮助创建新的化解方案的法门。设计管理偏重于管制与官员设计团队,过程以及规划产出物(产品、服务、沟通、环境和互动)。设计负责人及计划性策略更多考虑的凡统筹思想与筹划管理之频率及出现物上。

包豪斯:全新设计策略的育

1919年格罗皮乌斯在德国缔造包豪斯,是率先所拿贝伦斯的想法应用及高等教学中。密斯是最后一交校长。1930年在纳粹的压力下关闭,学校的设计师们都搬为美国,二战后包豪斯的宏图哲学(平衡术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美国底计划思想,随着这些口于美国各处落脚,设计之思想运动吧当全美各地开。

规划思想在生意、品牌,服务规划,客户体验上

履新驱动商业的反差,设计让创新。

唯独咱的题目早已远超了经贸问题,像MIT和哈佛在解决之题材曾是系层面的问题,像咱的食供给体系,儿童肥胖,急救健康等,作为一个设计师和规划思考者,有这样的机错过化解这样的题目是多么的喜,通过自己能影响及改动社会问题。

计划协作和咨询在美国向上启动

1920-1930之间和包豪斯同产生震慑之美国工业及图纸设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, Walter Dorwin Teague, and Donald
Desky(都是在美国诞生之),这些设计师将规划协作和咨询用在实践上,与包豪斯的教诲并影响在美国底图像和工业设计。

  • 哈利·厄尔 Harley
    Earl
    ,首位在筹划汽车及采取市场细分策略的设计师

    Chevrolet Corvette

  • 雷蒙德·洛威 Raymond
    Loewy
    ,设计咨询升级现有技术产品
    在不更改任何技术下,通过结合美学、材料、制造大大改变特别年代丑陋之家电产品,第一员上上《时代》的设计师。他的统筹不同为包豪斯的“形式从功能”(Form
    Follows
    Function),较偏于市场主义的“形式从市场”,他一度说了:“当商品在相同之价位以及效果下竞争,设计虽是唯一的差别”。他起及时极端可怜之设计企业,接授设计委托,并为“洛威设计”的名义上,“洛威设计”在老大年代是同等栽名特新优精设计之代表、销售保障的代名词,这同作法在今天呢能见于一些统筹企业。

    洛威底“阿汎提”设计草图,1963年

  • 亨利·德雷福斯 Henry
    Dreyfuss
    ,把人口因为因素做也活之骨干设计
    当其1955年的上的《Designing for
    People》无异于写被阐释了为人口乎仍之统筹理念,以人啊骨干的设计极端早实践者和开拓者。

    Designing for People 书中节选

  • 保罗·兰德 Paul
    Rand
    ,将品牌识别与国际主义相结合
    IBM,ABC,FEEDX,西屋、NeXT等视觉系统的统筹,将包豪斯倡导之现世法及设计思想及美学标准,应用至商贸服务规划着。

    IBM

ABC

“Design is relationship. Design is a relationship between form and
content.”

  • 乔治·尼尔森和查里斯夫妇,为人家与办公室系统规划
    1945年乔治·尼尔森以Herman
    Miller做规划总监时即拿设计思想带上了家具概念设计中,设计师不以单干而是与平众多的设计师从系统环境的角度来拘禁产品设计。在当时同样观点及方针下查里斯及雷·埃蒙斯设计了Eames
    Loung
    Chair。Charles经常鼓励工作人员多举行试验,他都说他的愿意不畏是“和那些从为毫无用处的品类的丁一块坐班。这样会打产生新构思的灯火。”

    Eames Loung Chair

Chapter 1 Notes on the Evolution of Design Thinking: A Work in Progress

开拓进取中之宏图思想

by Craig M. Vogel, Director of Center for Design Research and
Innovation, College of Design Architecture, Art and Planning, University
of Cincinnati

1960-1980 建立统筹执行,设计活动集中

设计执行在短短的20年时间跨度里,不仅还定义了规划是啊,更是印证了其好就此来做呀。这个相对短但非常密集的等级在天下范围外生了少数种截然不同的规划艺术。
60年代的美国=设计是
60年份的美国,工业设计与产品设计取得的首先聊步的前行是标准及于工程以及不利区分出。但他们连无运动得重复远,工业规划还是关键因可量化,可度量的题材及事件。设计工作室通常以高校实验室或工厂,不像今天之工作室以镇子里有像咖啡厅一样的点缀。
代表有像MIT的Fuller建立多学科的才女团队进行更新。

60年间斯堪的纳维亚=协同计划
以平等期,Fuller不同的斯堪的纳维亚企划,通过邀请大学与计划讨论。这些设计师扮演促进者或指导者角色,每个人跟家及工友要居民并设计他们顾念使下的活要劳务。开发了无数高度创新的色,像Utopia,NJMF,DEMOkratiske
Stryringssystemer,DEMOS等援助工人,工会,工作场合,政府部门应本着持续变更之条件。
这种工作办法一直适用于我们现在领的劳动计划,这种工作法严重依赖设计师的无尽做边设计以及指引,使用工具如”Mock-up
envisionment(模拟设想)”,未来围,组织游戏,合作原型,人种学领域研究,社会调查等有新想法还是改进水土保持。高度与
和佚代,集体讨论。
至20世纪80年份中,因为电脑的推广和HCI(人机交互)的进化,斯堪的纳维亚之搭档企划终于迈出大西洋到美国,被大地称之为参与式设计。

PETER BEHRENS: CORPORATE IDENTITY AND BRAND DIFFERENTIATION

Peter Behrens (14 April 1868 – 27 February 1940) was a
German
architect
and
designer.
He was important for the modernist
movement,
and several of the movement’s leading names (including Ludwig Mies van
der
Rohe,
Le
Corbusier
and Walter
Gropius)
worked for him in earlier stages of their careers. He was one of the
first designers who tried to synthesize the two polar positions of
technology and craft.

彼得·贝伦斯,德国建筑师,工业规划的先驱者,第一位当代艺术设计师,是当代人的权威,包括无与伦比红的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚持”少就是凡差不多“的建造哲学),勒·柯布西耶(功能主义之大),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包豪斯创办人),这三人数还于外的工作室为外工作过。他是第一个尝试综合工艺和技术结合的设计师。

Buckminister Fuller 的没错统筹

1956年由于MIT 创意工程实验室教授CADS(Comprehensive Anticipatory Design
Science)。他的实验室应用科学方法有设计。Fuller的点子成立于工程师、工业设计师、材料专家、化学专家的才女团队的功底及进展更新。代表作品有:Geodesic
Domestic, the Dymaxion car, Triton city, the “Fly’s Eye” Dome等。

the Dymaxion car

“设计师是概括了艺术家,发明家,机械师,经济专家和方针让同一套。”

The BAUHAUS: A NEW DESIGN STRATEGY FOR EDUCATION

包豪斯:全新设计策略的傅

1919年格罗皮乌斯以道义创建包豪斯,是首先所拿贝伦斯的想法应用至高等教学中。密斯是终极一顶校长。1930年当纳粹的压力下关闭,学校的设计师们还搬于美国,二战后包豪斯的计划哲学(平衡术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美国底规划思想,随着这些人口在美国诸处落脚,设计之想想运动也当全美各地开。

Scandinavian 协同计划

50年份为简要、少、功能性,具有包容性和民主性为特色之了有别于其他设计方法的Scandinavian设计活动,在北欧国家一直本着系到今日。受语言的拦路虎使得这无异于走没有记录并传播更广。60年代的Scandinavian协同计划于处理器的人机交互和劳务统筹及闹广大的开拓进取。

Chairs at the Danish Design Center, Denmark

CORPORATE AND CONSULTING DESIGN IN THE UNITED STATES,设计协作和咨询在美国底上进

1920-1930里与包豪斯同有影响之美国工业以及图表设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, Walter Dorwin Teague, and Donald
Desky(都是于美国出生之),这些设计师将规划协作和咨询用在实践上,与包豪斯的教导上协办影响在美国底图像以及工业设计。

Harley Earl and General Motors: Market Segmentation in the Auto Industry

Harley Earl 美国首员在规划汽车及采取市场分策略,1927-1959

Raymond Loewy, Design Consultant: Updating Existing Technology

Loewy merged aesthetics, materials, and manufacturing to transform the
loud and ugly electric refrigerator of the 1920s into a modern kichen
appliance. The consumer response was immediate. In one year, sales of
Sears’s Cold Spot increased from 65,000 to 250,000 units – without any
significant change in core technology.

Henry Dreyfuss: Integrating Human Factors as a Core Component of Product
Design

Dreyfuss developed a more scientific approach to human factors and
integrated that perspective with product aesthetics. “to develop
individuals who will be competent to change their environment to greater
conformity with moral ideals.” This became the basis for Dreyfuss’s
human-centered approach. He expressed those ideas in his 1955 book,
Designing for people. Dreyfuss was a more articulate practitioner of
human-centered design than was Loewy.

Paul Rand and Elliot Noyes: Corporate Identity and the International
Movement

Noyes was educated as an architect at Harvard and studied under Gropius
and Bauhaus furniture designer Marcel Breuer. Rand, for his part, was
heavily influenced by what had come to be called the Swiss Style of
graphic design and helped to build a relationship between Switzerland’s
Basel school of Design and Yale University.

One of the first strategic design decisions Rand and Noyes conceived for
international Business Machines was to reduce its long and awkward name
to IBM. Modern identities, they believed, needed to be easy to read and
pronounce in all applications and all languages. The new logo and
identity system was integrated with an approach to curtain wall
architecture that was applied to the new buildings at IBM, as well as to
the outer panel construction design of mainframe computer systems.

George Nelson and Charles and Ray Eames: System Design for Home and Work

When George Nelson was appointed design director for Herman Miller in
1945, he brought a new level of design thinking to the concept of
furniture design for the home and office.

Modern office buildings were being designed using a systematic approach,
and Nelson saw the interior office landscape similarly-as a potential
opportunity for the application of modular design design systems. Each
individual piece of furniture would act as one in a series of flexible
parts with multiple configurations that would fit the modern open office
that had come into being in the 1950s and ’60s.

The husband-and-wife team of Charles and Ray Eames contributed some of
their most important designs under this new strategy. Both of them
studied at Michigan’s Cranbrook Academy of Art, and both were influenced
by Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. The Eames lounge chair and airport
seating solution, for Herman Miller, are two of the most influential
design projects of the twentieth century.

The ideas and work of Charles and Ray Eames represent a unique and vital
branch of design thinking. Their work is as powerful and influential as
that of Frank Lloyd Wright; yet they are virtually unknown outside of
the fields of design and architecture.

Herbert A. Simon

西蒙以1969出版的人为科学中,给规划一个初的归类和限。西蒙认为全的规划应为视为人造品,是当的对立面。

“The engineer, and more generally the designer, is concerned with how
things ought to be — how they ought to be in order to attain goals,
and to function.”

“Everyone designs who devises courses of action aimed at changing
existing situations into preferred ones.”

FROM PRODUCT TO ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL CHANGE

In 1975 Bill Hannon founded the Design Management Institute(DMI) in
Boston, Massachusetts. This was the first professional organization in
the world dedicated to improving the role of design in business, and
helped to define design management as a new practice.

In 1976 Victor Papanek published his Design for the Real World, asking
designers to see the potential of design thinking for social and
environmental responsibility. He accused designers of catering to the
small percentage of consumers who have everything, while ignoring those
in lower income levels and emerging economies, as well as people with
disabilities.

In 1982, Ralph Caplan wrote in By design that Mahatma Gandhi’s concept
of nonviolent protest was one of the most effective design solutions in
history.

The Nobel laureate Herb Simon stated that there are really two types of
science. One concerns the world humans are responsible for producing(the
science of the artificial), and the other concerns the world in which
humans evolved(the science of the natural).

Science, engineering, and technology factor shifts have occurred in each
decade in the last century, opening new opportunities for designers. The
key ingredient for business success is the presence of both an
innovative CEO who sees design as an investment, not a cost, and a
strategic design director or consultant who can place the value of the
design at the center of the company. If either one leaves, the value of
design is jeopardized.
把设计作为是斥资以,是无是资本;设计策略是商家之着力;这有限点缺一不可才可能当今跟未来改成创新驱动之铺面。

维克多·帕帕奈克 为实在世界计划

1971年
帕帕奈克的《为真世界计划》给这的统筹行业投下了一样粒很炸弹。帕帕奈克提出自己对规划目的性的新见解,即设计应当为大面积老百姓服务;设计不仅当也正常人劳动,同时还须考虑啊残疾人服务;设计应认真考虑地球之星星点点资源使用问题,设计应当
为掩护我们居住的球之有限资
源服务。维克多·帕帕奈克对绿色设计思潮有了第一手影响,他首差提出了统筹伦理的思想意识,即设计为何?在“波普”设计活动的一致切开喧嚣的大潮中,开始有人打设计理论的角度严肃提出“设计目的”问题。这对当代计划的五常、现代规划的目的性理论来说,是甚主要的一个起点。正缘来夫起点,日后的计划性理论才起了更加刻骨铭心的上进。

Chapter 2 The Designful Company by Marty Neumeier

2008 Survey of Wicked Problems

  1. Balancing long-term goals with short-term demands
  2. Predicting returns on innovative concepts
  3. Innovating at the increasing speed of change
  4. Winning the war for world-class talent
  5. Combining profitability with social responsibility
  6. Protecting margins in a commoditizing industry
  7. Multiplying success by collaborating across silos
  8. Finding unclaimed yet profitable market space
  9. Addressing the challenge of eco-sustainability
  10. Aligning strategy with customer experience

A wicked problem is a puzzle so persistent, pervasive, and slippery that
it can seem insoluble.

Business at bottom is not mechanical but human. Today, we find that
innovation without emotion is uninteresting. Products without aesthetics
are not compelling, brands without meaning are undesirable, and business
without ethics is unsustainable. The management model that got us here
is underpowered to move us forward. To succeed, the new model must
replace the win-lose nature of the assembly line with the win-win nature
of the network.

商的下线无是机械要是口。今天,我们发现创新没有感情是从未有过意思的。产品未美是尚未可比性的,品牌未曾意义价值是无会见来欲望想使的,而买卖没有伦理是不可持续的。

The sure cure for Deming’s diseases, as well as for the top ten wicked
problems, is design. It’s the accelerator for the company car, the
powertrain for sustainable profits. Design drives innovation, innovation
powers brand, brand builds loyalty, and loyalty sustains profits. If you
want long-term profits, don’t start with technology-start with design.

There are really only two main components for business success: brands
and their delivery. All other activities- operations, finance,
manufacturing, marketing, sales, communications, human relations,
investor relations- are subcomponents.

Horst Rittel, “Wicked Problem”的提出者

首批聚焦为统筹方法理论的研究者之一,与外的长辈们不同,他力主人的心得及感触在设计时之根本。第一糟糕以气象学引入到体验设计被。

1980-1990 第二代设计思想理论的面世

此时人们管有惊人创意之设计师以及常见的筹划区分开来,把这些设计师在显微镜下研究,试着寻找有什么为他们灵感大爆发。在Nigel
Gross和Donald
Schön等研究员调查研究这些设计师独立工作经常,及团体协作时之计划过程。从社会对角度他们小心到管是个人或集体协作时设计创意无限着重之是设计师的考虑模式。这些计划过程的查证也后来任何工作进行创造性思维打开了大门。

Nigel Gross

Nigel
Gross在研究规划方法之前是人机交互领域的研究员。在他的精本《Designerly
ways of
Knowing》切磋设计师的想想与仲裁办法及其他专业不同之是什么?这对于构建统筹思想有着十分可怜之熏陶。

“Everyone can — and does — design. We all design when we plan for
something new to happen, whether that might be a new version of a
recipe, a new arrangement of the living room furniture, or a new lay
tour of a personal web page. […] So design thinking is something
inherent within human cognition; it is a key part of what makes us
human.”

Donald Alan Schön

Donald Schön
背景是MIT的城市规划的教以及哲学家,他的大部分做事在反对60年代的筹划标准的技术性。他出的自问实践,对于规划过程的中标十分重要。他的劳作不仅大大影响了规划,而且影响了团组织学习园地。

“The reflective practitioner allows himself to experience surprise,
puzzlement, or confusion in a situation which he finds uncertain or
unique. He reflects on the phenomenon before him, and on the prior
understandings which have been implicit in his behaviour. He carries
out an experiment which serves to generate both a new understanding of
the phenomenon and a change in the situation.”

1990-2005 服务规划和多企划工具的起

夫时,设计的克第二浅扩大。在90年间初设计之限制从创立人工制品扩大至互相与劳动达。这种转变支持自Buchanan的《设计思想中之恶问题》一书探讨了统筹缓解复杂问题、模糊目标的潜力。
顶2003年,欧洲无处的大学以及卡内基梅隆以街头巷尾开始教服务计划。服务计划的兴起,及复杂问题让闹新的宏图艺术工具提供了好条件,包括也未设计师以及与设计的工具。

Donald Norman, User-Centered Design

认知是、人以工程等统筹领域的名世界。在1988年问世的《日常的设计》提出
“UCD”以用户也主干的规划。
我们具有的统筹应因“适合用记”这个大概的概念模型。他的意见的为主是“我们日常生活中的绝大多数知识都当环境达标,而休是以头脑里”,以用户为主干的章程好理解用户之求跟发现左,并采取行动解决。诺曼的UCD设计思想开辟了新的计划性方法视角。

Richard Buchanan,整合设计

Buchanan 原卡梅隆设计学院的管理者,他由此将Rittel和Simon
的理论与
Ezio
Manzini的规划执行相互关联,重新讨论了统筹在解决Wicked
Problems中的角色,在1992登之《Wicked Problems in Design
Thinking》中画了千篇一律长长的规划思想到履新之不二法门。在随后的关于计划思想的《Design
as a New Liberal
Art》中说设计开呢正式的力是“整合”,也许是盖专业性的缺失,所以它又发生连日各个科目的或。

Design has no subject matter — that’s what make this a powerful
discipline. We MAKE our subject matter.

Liz Sanders 工具先导者

Sanders,实验心理学与人类学的PhD. ,Make
Tools的缔造者,是采取设计研究世界的先驱者。今天众以人啊骨干的宏图和设计思想中采用的家伙,技术及方法还可以落她。她呢是协作规划工具箱的合伙人,对于规划研究感兴趣之丁的话,这个是一个实用的指针。

Convivial ToolBox

This human-centered design revolution is causing us to rethink the
design process. In order to drive the human-centered design
revolution, we need to tap into the imaginations and dreams not only
of designers, but also of everyday people. New design spaces are
emerging in response to everyday people’s needs for creativity.

IDEO 融汇者

IDEO

IDEO1991年常常由于三家设计企业合而成为,分别是David Delley
Design(斯坦福教授 David Kelley 创建),Based在伦敦底Moggridge
Associates和当旧金山的ID-Two(两者都是由于Bill Moggridge创建), 及 Matrix
Product Design(由Mike Nuttall
创建)。大约在Buchanan构建统筹思想的还要,IDEO完成了三独商店的集合,在未来底十年更上一层楼吃,从学界和计划执行吸引了同批好有影响力的食指进入。
与同时期的统筹企业差,他们又邀请了人类学,商业战略,教育要健康相当不同领域的师来指点与壮大他们设计团队与流程。这个多学科团队的国策在起几年晚拿走了重重的光彩。
随后他俩初步普及设计思想和坐食指也着力的计划,在d.school推出了教育计划,撰写书本,并于海内外的高等学校实践推广。

David & Tom Kelley

IDEO两单大家当与教诲工作,Kelley兄弟都是畅销书的作者。
他们还擅长设计及小卖部管理。他们合作之书写《创新自信力》,讲述创新创意的见地,帮助个人及部门释放潜能,树立创新自信。
赶紧前之Tom
Kelley的《创新的艺术》里展示了IDEO创新思维。

“It turns out that creativity isn’t some rare gift to be enjoyed by
the lucky few — it’s a natural part of human thinking and behavior. In
too many of us it gets blocked. But it can be unblocked. And
unblocking that creative spark can have far-reaching implications for
yourself, your organization, and your community.” Tom Kelley

Tim Brown

[Tim Brown]
(https://www.ideo.com/people/tim-brown)IDEOIDEO)的CEO和工业设计师,
Brown一直是规划思想与换代之积极性倡导者 ,Design
thinking。他著述了许多对准非设计师运用规划思想方面的篇章,其中规划变更一切,设计思想如何变革组织及振奋创新。

In order to survive in today’s complex world, organizations need to
generate, embrace, and execute on new ideas. That takes creativity and
a creatively capable workforce. It’s the secret sauce, or in
evolutionary terms, it’s what keeps you fit. Organizations without it
can’t compete.

Jane Fulton Suri

发心理学和修建学背景的IDEO 教母之称的Jane,
一直从为开发多IDEO以食指啊本的设计工具。引用其于IDEO的进程“她出了移情观察和体会原型的技艺,现在给广大用于产品、服务以及条件,及系统、组织和方针的创新及统筹达到。”她底写《Thoughtless
Acts?》
展示了第一手观察与规划灵感中的干。她近年来写作了《Design
Ethics》的短篇。

Bill Moggridge

英国老牌产品设计师,工业规划教学,交互设计及IDEO创始人。他因为采纳人性工程设计理论,同时为是现产品设计主流理论的开发者。他设计了第一大贝壳式笔记本电脑,至今仍是笔记本的主流外型。他撰写之《关键设计报告》介绍了互设计的历史,从Douglas
Engelbart到Will
Wright
到 Larry
Page
和 Sergey
Brin。

I don’t think that anyone has really told (people) what design is. It
doesn’t occur to most people that everything is designed — that every
building and everything they touch in the world is designed. Even
foods are designed now. So in the process of helping people understand
this, making them more aware of the fact that the world around us is
something that somebody has control of, perhaps they can feel some
sense of control, too. I think that’s a nice ambition.

2002-现在 设计思想在经贸领域站据了一个重大之职位

于20年前计划思想开始受提及,经历了诸多之迭代,最近才得到确认。
设计咨询公司包括“IDEO”,
数码智能设计企业如“青蛙”,软件设计公司假设“思特沃克”,服务统筹企业只要“肯定牛”等还在02-08年内外开始调整好之小买卖战略,现在都成为企划行业的领先者。国内的店变更比较晚到了2013年左右才起来调整,像Eico
Design。
一经商擅长的局像麦肯锡等,也在2014年自从经收购计划企业开展战略性之变革。[科技中的设计\ 2017](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://designintechreport.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/dit-2017-1-0-1c-1.pdf)
劳规划领域的发展创建了通力合作企划以及参与筹划之初工具与流程。多学科团队的合作规划这无异于扭转打开了中间创新,使设计过程对每个人再透明与行。除了当筹划领域在生意领域呢起动用计划思想和协作规划的尽。Fuad
Luke,Sanders 和Manzini就是这块的先行者。
朝包容性迈进的转移。随着智能手机的普及,微软提出只要面向群众的设计,带在空前的包容性去琢磨和劳作[Inclusive\ design\ at\ Microsoft](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/design/inclusive)

Alistair Fuad-Luke

Fuad-Luke平等个自称为正式计划主持人、教育家、作家及活动家,目前方上课后来之统筹执行。他的门类强调和社区以及私家,社会福得和代经济网的开放,合作,共同设计。他的写《Design
Activism》和《The
Eco-Design
Handbook》座谈设计以可持续发展中的作用。

Deborah Szebeko

Szebeko23春秋时在英国起了ThinkPublic社会设计部门,专门从事公共部门和非政府组织的计划性以及创新。用合作企划要关注社会问题,他们曾经赢得了大半宗桂冠。

We use a mixture of design processes. We’ve got a diversity of
designers, including service designers, graphics designers,
information designers, programmers, marketers, social scientists,
positive psychologists, and even anthropologists. This diversity of
experts bring different techniques related to their disciplines, and
this mixture creates a unique design process — we call it a co-design
process — whereby we capture public views.

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

Kat
holmes微软首席设计总监,随着智能装备的一般,科技产品应有关爱群众,应该为包容性Betway必威迈进转变。设计个性具有包容,通过辨认排他性,我们会初步对那些以日常生活中及不受欢迎的统筹接触的用户建于与理心。

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

为资源来源以下:
[1] Thomas Lockwood. Design Thinking (Design Management Institue,
2009)
[2] John Maeda. Design In Tech Report(2016,2017)
[3] Jo Szczepanska. What is design thinking, why do I keep hearing
about
it?
[4] A BRIEF HISTORY OF DESIGN THINKING: THE
THEORY
[5] 大卫·瑞兹曼. 现代设计史
[6] Stefanie Di Russo.Understanding the behaviour of design thinking
in complex environments(2016)
[7] Rikke Dam, Teo Siang. What is Design Thinking and Why Is It So
Popular?
[8] Sean Van Tyne. Design Thinking: A Brief
History